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Etikett: civilisation (sida 1 av 2)

Läser mestadels New York Times idag

”Lermännen” Asaro från Papua Nya Guinea sminkade och uppklädda för att föreställa andarna av dödade krigare som återvänt för att hemsöka sina fiender.

Jared Diamond försöker i en ny bok se vad ursprungsbefolkningar och stamfolk kan erbjuda den moderna människan.

Nation states occasionally engage in vast, hellacious wars, but these are rare. Most people in nation states feel qualms about killing another human being and have been taught to restrain their lust for revenge. People in many tribal societies, Diamond writes, do not share these attitudes. Without central governments, they have trouble bringing wars to an end.

Inte mycket att lära oss på den fronten alltså. Utan att ha läst boken låter det som att livet i ”primitiva” eller ”ociviliserade” stamsamhällen är oerhört våldsamt när det väl brakar loss och att staten (om det ens är det som avses, kanske är det enbart en ”styrande faktor” som saknas) är ett verktyg för att hålla ner krigen till en acceptabel nivå.

Och å andra sidan, igen:

“Loneliness is not a problem in traditional societies,” Diamond observes. “People spend their lives in or near the place where they were born, and they remain surrounded by relatives and childhood companions.” Identity isn’t a problem either. Neither is moral confusion. Or boredom. Diamond says life is more vivid in tribal societies. “Being in New Guinea is like seeing the world briefly in vivid colors, when by comparison the world elsewhere is gray.”

Från New York Times, Tribal Lessons: The World Until Yesterday av Jared Diamond

 

Heat, Flood or Icy Cold, Extreme Weather Rages Worldwide

climate change is not just about rising temperatures, but also about intense, unpleasant, anomalous weather of all kinds.

Om klimatförändringarna, också i New York Times.

Inside a Greek Poet’s Work, a Reflection of Her Country’s Hard Times

She has professed an almost creative belief in pessimism. “Pessimism is an inner love for life,” she said. “The pessimist is one who cannot enjoy the joys of life and is very conscious that he has the passion of the unsatisfied and of the unsatisfiable.”

och

“I derive my themes from what’s happening in everyday life,” Ms. Dimoula had said earlier. “I don’t have visions. I am not a visionary poet.” The afternoon light poured in through high windows. Outside was Athens, a city pushed to the brink. “I want to transform reality into something less real,” she said.

Greklands ”nationalpoet” Kiki Dimoula i New York Times.

Vi älskar våra barn men civilisationen…

Så sant — och så svårt att befria sig ifrån.

”[…] we profess to love our children, but for many reasons, including ignorance, we do things that harm them to the core. No civilization that really loved its children competently would build so many shopping malls and highways, nor would it saturate their bodies with hundreds of carcinogens, endocrine disruptors, and mutagenic chemicals. Babies arrive ”pre polluted” in the words of the President’s Cancer Panel.

Such things are not acts of love, but of ignorance perhaps or ignorance driven by greed. Whatever the cause, the solutions all have to do with designing the human presence in the world to include fewer malls but more parks, more poetry and fewer advertisements, more windmills and fewer smoke stacks, more bike trails and fewer freeways, more schools and fewer military bases, more childcare and fewer tax breaks for the Koch Brothers, more solar collectors and no nuclear plants . . . the point is that any decent civilization that intended to hang around for a while would put its children first, just like we say we do.”

— David W. Orr

JPJZUNTBPRTS

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